Many people don’t know the difference between concrete and cement or use the two terms interchangeably. There are several distinct differences between the two substances, however. Let’s take a look at a few of the differentiating factors that make the two materials unique.
For starters, cement is actually an ingredient of concrete, meaning cement is just one material where concrete is a bunch of materials combined. When concrete is being made, cement is added to the mix, ending up representing roughly 10 to 15 percent of the concrete mix.
Concrete then requires the addition of water to become the pourable material used for sidewalks, driveways and much more. Different aggregates are blended in with cement, including gravel, crushed stone, sand and even recycled concrete, with water added to begin creating a thicker paste. Once blended, the additives are bound to the water and concrete paste to form ready-to-use concrete.
Hardened concrete is very durable thanks to the blended aggregates and cement. It is generally highly resistant to fire and heat, and requires minimal maintenance, making it a very popular material on construction sites. In addition, it is also very environmentally friendly, so use of concrete is generally a good, eco-friendly construction option.
Whereas concrete is a mixture that includes cement, cement itself is available in five different types, says the national Portland Cement Association. These include general purpose Type I, Type II that offers enhanced durability in hot conditions or for use in water, and Type III that offers high strength in a short period, generally within less than a week after pouring.
R.G. Smith Company specializes in laying concrete foundations across the greater Ohio area. If you are need of concrete or would like to know more about this service, give us a call today at our Canton location at 330-456-3415 or call our Mansfield office at 419-524-4778!